Third Temple NowIsrael took over the Al Aqsa Mosque compound in 1967 from Jordan. Since then, a series of agreements have been in place defining the relations of power between Jews and Muslims. For years, Islamic authorities complained Israel have been breaching the accords and covertly attempting to take it over by allowing Orthodox Jews to visit. The Americans have suggested allowing cameras to monitor activity on the site. But the Muslim authorities say they will agree only if the cameras are not inside the mosques and the video stream does not reach Israel. Observers believe this is only a temporary solution. “I don’t think that this is a solution, I don’t think it will hold for a long time,” said Oded Eran, former Israeli ambassador to Jordan. “If there are certain elements that are interested in once again provoking attention on the Temple Mount either as a way to get Israel smeared or criticised, they will find a way in spite of the cameras.” Tempers are running high – and neither side trusts the other. This violence is nothing new. Time and time again this site has been the driving force behind violent acts between Israelis and Palestinians. In fact some on both sides argue it is the very core of the conflict. Administered by Islamic authorities and secured by Israeli forces, this compound remains one of the most volatile sites in the Middle East today.’

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